Glossary

Spices and Herbs

English Name

Hindi Name

Anise Seed / Aniseed Choti Saunf, Suwa, Shopa
Asafoetida Hing
Bay Leaf Tej Patta
Black Pepper Kali Mirch
Black Rock salt Sanchal, Kala Namak
Cardamom Black Bari Elaichi
Cardamom Green Choti Elaichi
Carom Seed Ajwain
Cayenne Pepper Lal Mirch
Cilantro Hara Dhania Patta
Cinnamon Dalchini
Cloves Laung, Lavang
Coriander seeds Dhania
Cumin seeds Jeera
Curry Leaf Meetha Neem Patta, Kari Patta
Fennel Moti Saunf, Saunf
Fenugreek Leaves dried Kasoori Methi
Fenugreek seeds Methi Daane
Garlic Lassun
Ginger Adrak
Mace Javitri
Mango powder Amchoor, Amchur
Mustard Seeds Sarson, Rai
Nigella Kalonji
Nutmeg Jaifal
Paprika (Kashmiri Paprika) Degi Mirch
Saffron Kesar, Zaafraan
Scallion Hara Piyaz
Screwpine essence Kewra
Sesame Til
White Pepper Safed Mirch

Dried Fruits, Nuts and Seeds

English Name

Hindi Name

Almonds Badaam
Apricot dried Khumani
Cantaloupe seed Kharbooza ke beej
Cashews Kajoo
Dates Khajoor
Fig Anjeer
Flaxseeds Alsi
Gooseberry Indian (Emblica) Amla
Gorgon Nut Puffed Kernel Makhana
Peanuts Mungphali
Pine Nuts Chilgoza
Pistachio Nuts Pista
Raisins Kishmish
Walnuts Akhroat/ Akhrot

Fruits

English Name

Hindi Name

Apple Seb
Banana Kela
Cantaloupe Kharbooja
Cranberry Karonda
Fig Anjir
Grapes Angoor
Grapefruit Chakutra
Guavas Amrood
Jackfruit Kathal
Java Plum Jamoon
Lime Nimboo
Mango Aam
Orange Santra
Papaya Papeeta
Peach Aadoo
Pear Nashpati
Pineapple Anna-naas
Plum Aloo-bukhaara
Pomegranate Anar
Sapodilla Plum, Sapota Chickoo
Star fruit Kamrakh
Sugar cane Ganna
Sweet Lime Musambi
Watermelon Tarbooj

Grains and Flours

English Name

Hindi Name

Cracked Wheat Dalia
Flour – Chickpea Besan
Flour – Pastry, All purpose Maidaflour
Flour – Whole wheat Atta
Maize Makki
Oats Vilaiti Jaun
Rice Chawal
Rice flattened flakes Chewara, Poha, Cheera
Rice puffed Murmura, Muri
Semolina Sooji, Rava
Tapioca (Cassava) Saboo-daana
Vermicelli Seviyan

Pulses and Legumes

English Name

Hindi Name

Bengal Gram (Split) Chana Dal
Black Gram (Split) Urad dal
Chickpea Chana, Desi Chana, Kabuli Chana
Field pea split Matar Dal
Garbanzo Beans Kabuli Chana
Green Gram Moong dal
Lentil Masoor Dal
Pigeon peas / Split Gram Arhar, Toor
Red Kidney Bean Rajma

Vegetables

English Name

Hindi Name

Brinjal, Eggplant Baingan
Bell Pepper, Capsicum Simla Mirch
Celery Ajmud
Cabbage Bandh-Gobi, Patta-Gobi
Carrot Gaajar
Cauliflower Phool-Gobi, Gobi
Cilantro Hara Dhania
Colocasia, Taro, Eddo Arbi, Arvi
Corn Kernel Makki
Corn on the cob Bhutta
Cucumber Kheera
Cucumber English Skinny Kakri
Ashgourd Petha
Bittergourd Karela
Bottlegourd Ghiya. Lauki
Ridgedgourd Torai
Snakegourd Chichinda
Jackfruit Kathal
Mushrooms Khumbi
Mustard Greens Sarson Patta
Natal Plum Karonda
Okra Bhindi
Onion Piyaaz
Peas Mattar
Peppermint Leaves Fresh Hara Podina
Potato Aloo
Pumpkin (British, Australian) Kaddu. American butternut or winter squash
Radish Mooli
Red Sorrel Chukka Leaves
Scallion Hari Piyaz
Spinach Paalak
Sweet Potato Shakar-kandi
Tomato Tamatar
Turnip Shalgam
Water Chestnuts Indian Singhaara

Spices and Herbs (Masala)

English Name

Hindi Name

Anise Seed

Choti Saunf, Suwa, Shopa

Asafoetida

Hing

Bay Leaf

Tej Patta

Black Pepper

Kali Mirch

Black Rock salt

Sanchal, Kala Namak

Cardamom Black

Bari Elaichi

Cardamom Green

Choti Elaichi

Carom Seed

Ajwain

Cayenne Pepper

Lal Mirch

Cilantro

Hara Dhania Patta

Cinnamon

Dalchini

Cloves

Laung, Lavang

Coriander seeds

Dhania

Cumin seeds

Jeera

Curry Leaf

Meetha Neem Patta, Kari Patta

Fennel

Moti Saunf, Saunf

Fenugreek Leaves dried

Kasoori Methi

Fenugreek seeds

Methi Daane

Garlic

Lassun

Ginger

Adrak

Mace

Javitri

Mango powder

Amchoor, Amchur

Mustard Seeds

Sarson, Rai

Nigella

Kalonji

Nutmeg

Jaifal

Paprika (Kashmiri Paprika)

Degi Mirch

Saffron

Kesar, Zaafraan

Scallion

Hara Piyaz

Screwpine essence

Kewra

Sesame

Til

White Pepper

Safed Mirch

Dried Fruits, Nuts and Seeds

English Name

Hindi Name

Almonds

Badaam

Apricot dried

Khumani

Cantaloupe seed

Kharbooza ke beej

Cashews

Kajoo

Dates

Khajoor

Fig

Anjeer

Flaxseeds

Alsi

Gooseberry Indian (Emblica)

Amla

Gorgon Nut Puffed Kernel

Makhana

Peanuts

Mungphali

Pine Nuts

Chilgoza

Pistachio Nuts

Pista

Raisins

Kishmish

Walnuts

Akhroat/ Akhrot

Fruits

English Name

Hindi Name

Apple

Seb

Banana

Kela

Cantaloupe

Kharbooja

Cranberry

Karonda

Fig

Anjir

Grapes

Angoor

Grapefruit

Chakutra

Guavas

Amrood

Jackfruit

Kathal

Java Plum

Jamoon

Lime

Nimboo

Mango

Aam

Orange

Santra

Papaya

Papeeta

Peach

Aadoo

Pear

Nashpati

Pineapple

Anna-naas

Plum

Aloo-bukhaara

Pomegranate

Anar

Sapodilla Plum, Sapota

Chickoo

Star fruit

Kamrakh

Sugar cane

Ganna

Sweet Lime

Musambi

Watermelon

Tarbooj

Grains and Flours

English Name

Hindi Name

Cracked Wheat

Dalia

Flour – Chickpea

Besan

Flour – Pastry, All purpose

Maidaflour

Flour – Whole wheat

Atta

Maize

Makki

Oats

Vilaiti Jaun

Rice

Chawal

Rice flattened flakes

Chewara, Poha, Cheera

Rice puffed

Murmura, Muri

Semolina

Sooji, Rava

Tapioca (Cassava)

Saboo-daana

Vermicelli

Seviyan

Pulses and Legumes

English Name

Hindi Name

Bengal Gram (Split)

Chana Dal

Black Gram (Split)

Urad dal

Chickpea

Chana, Desi Chana, Kabuli Chana

Field pea split

Matar Dal

Garbanzo Beans

Kabuli Chana

Green Gram

Moong dal

Lentil

Masoor Dal

Pigeon peas / Split Gram

Arhar, Toor

Red Kidney Bean

Rajma

Vegetables

English Name

Hindi Name

Aubergine, Brinjal, Eggplant

Baingan

Bell Pepper, Capsicum

Simla Mirch

Celery

Ajmud

Cabbage

Bandh-Gobi, Patta-Gobi

Carrot

Gaajar

Cauliflower

Phool-Gobi, Gobi

Cilantro

Hara Dhania

Colocasia, Taro, Eddo

Arbi, Arvi

Corn Kernel

Makki

Corn on the cob

Bhutta

Cucumber

Kheera

Cucumber English Skinny

Kakri

Ashgourd

Petha

Bittergourd

Karela

Bottlegourd

Ghiya. Lauki

Ridgedgourd

Torai

Snakegourd

Chichinda

Jackfruit

Kathal

Mushrooms

Khumbi

Mustard Greens

Sarson Patta

Natal Plum

Karonda

Okra

Bhindi

Onion

Piyaaz

Peas

Mattar

Peppermint Leaves Fresh

Hara Podina

Potato

Aloo

Pumpkin (British, Australian)

Kaddu. American butternut or winter squash

Radish

Mooli

Red Sorrel

Chukka Leaves

Scallion

Hari Piyaz

Spinach

Paalak

Sweet Potato

Shakar-kandi

Tomato

Tamatar

Turnip

Shalgam

Water Chestnuts Indian

Singhaara

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